;VST system — formwork system;Precast concrete system — precast concrete elements
Main fabricated components;• walls<br>• slabs<br>• beams<br>• columns<br>• stairs<br>• special elements;• columns, beams, slabs (and others)<br>• prestressed structures<br>• precast members (pipes, etc.)
Ideal areas of application;• hotels and offices<br>• maisonettes (duplex as well)<br>• townhouses<br>• senior residences<br>• schools<br>• residential buildings, etc.;• schools, kindergartens, medical centers<br>• residential buildings, etc.<br>• agricultural facilities, grain elevators<br>• foundations, beams, floor slabs, walls, and other structural components<br>• retaining walls<br>• transportation facilities<br>• bridge and tunnel systems<br>• water and drainage facilities, etc.
Ideal project types;• systems with repeated structural elements (especially walls)<br>• structures with load-bearing walls<br>• projects that require a comfortable microclimate;• commercial facilities<br>• industrial facilities and infrastructure<br>• bridges, towers, tunnels<br>• frame structures<br>• residential and public buildings
Main advantages;• lightweight elements that are easy to transport and move<br>• high accuracy, independence from local standards<br>• very efficient and fast construction method<br>• full range of structural elements<br>• easy production and assembly<br>• high simultaneous transportation capacity (long-haul transportation possible);• ideal for multi-span commercial and industrial buildings with a frame system<br>• large number of standardized structural elements (beams, columns, slabs, etc.)
Accuracy and precision;• industrial prefabrication allows for high precision of the formwork elements<br>• basic material (cement-bonded particleboard) can be used for a specific production;• assembly tolerances of precast reinforced concrete structures exceed those of the VST system
Less staff on site;• approximately 55% of the total work is carried out off-site<br>• a gang of 5-6 workers per crane is sufficient<br>• it is possible to reduce site maintenance costs (shorter construction time, lighter elements);• heavy elements<br>• a small gang is required<br>• transportation depends on the load, production facilities should be as close to the construction site as possible
Architectural flexibility;• no design constraints (except for curved walls, which will be formed into a polygon)<br>• each element is produced separately;• the formwork mold is used hundreds of times in the plant, elements with the same geometric dimensions are preferable